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Espressology

Beans

Among the approximately 90 different varieties of coffee plant, the Coffea Arabica (Arabica coffee) and the Coffea Canephora (Robusta coffee), both originating in Africa, are the most widely used varieties. With a proportion of 61% of coffee production, Arabica is the best known of all coffee plants

Arabica flourishes at altitude only, growing up to the tree line. For this reason, the plant is often referred to as “mountain coffee”. In the highlands of South and Central America as well as East Africa, a frequently elegant, fine and complex aroma is formed.

Tropical areas are ideal for the cultivation of the Arabica plant as they offer optimum rain and temperature conditions. This way, the Arabica coffee beans can mature relatively evenly and can be harvested once or twice a year on average.

Robusta coffee, Coffea Canephora, is very different to the Arabica plant in terms of taste and, unlike the Arabica, offers rich variety.It is known for its bitter and strong notes and is therefore not to all tastes.There is also a higher proportion of caffeine in the bean.Robusta accounts for a total of around 25% of world coffee production.This coffee plant also grows in tropical regions.Optimum conditions for growth can be found at an altitude of 200 to 600 metres.